WHAT IS DENTAL AESTHETICS?
Dental aesthetics is defined as the procedures performed to obtain an aesthetic appearance in cases where the teeth are defective, curved, small, large, colorless or asymmetrical depending on the structure of the mouth.
Teeth are a big part of human self-esteem, as they are a difficult trait to hide. The positive effect of symmetrical, white and straight teeth on the psyche and self-confidence cannot be ignored when talking, laughing, taking pictures or filming.
For this reason, many people who are not satisfied with the appearance or color of their teeth have aesthetic dentistry in order to have a beautiful smile, tooth sizes suitable for mouth structure and whiteness suitable for skin color.
Dental aesthetics is one of the most important aesthetic applications of recent times, which is used not only for a beautiful appearance or white teeth, but also for dental and oral health.
Dental aesthetics has recently been referred to as “smile aesthetics”.
Types of “Smile Aesthetics”:
– Porcelain crowns
-Laminate crowns (leaf crowns)
– porcelain coated teeth
-Zirconium coated teeth
DENTAL PORCELAIN CROWNS
In this product, it is crowned with a material of porcelain, which will be designed as a material to be used in the kitchen.
It can be used for aesthetic and moderately used porcelain veneers, moderate tooth curvature, tooth fractures that cannot be done with the treatment of missing teeth, discoloration and deformities, tooth design.
How are Dental porcelain crowns applied?
First of all, the teeth to be covered with porcelain are cleaned with the help of a special tool.
The cleaned teeth are thinned 0.5-0.7 mm to attach the veneer. The doctor takes an impression of the thinned teeth.
The impression taken is sent to the laboratory and the implanted porcelain crowns enter the production process.
This period is between 10-15 days on average.
Temporary veneers are applied to the patient so that the crushed teeth are not affected by external factors.
After the porcelain veneers are prepared, their suitability is checked by the doctor, corrected if necessary, and sent back to the laboratory to be polished when the porcelain teeth are ready to be placed.
Ready-to-use porcelain crowns are adhered to the patient’s teeth using a special adhesive.
After the procedure is completed, after the effect of anesthesia wears off and the food-drinking barrier, which lasts for an average of 2 hours, ends, the patient can start life with new porcelain crowns without restrictions.
The average lifetime of porcelain crowns is 10 years.
At the end of this period, the same procedures are repeated, the measurement is taken and adjusted, and new crowns are placed by the doctor.
Porcelain veneers are also affected by external factors, just like your own teeth.
For this reason, it is important to take care of the crowns like your own teeth, clean them regularly and protect them from impacts.
Mild tingling and pain that may occur after porcelain veneer is normal. This can be easily treated with pain relievers prescribed by the doctor.
DENTAL ZIRCONIUM CROWNS
It can be said that zirconium crowns are the evolution of the metal-supported crown, which was widely used in dental aesthetics in the past.
Zirconium veneers have become the most preferred dental aesthetic application in the world, as they last longer than metal veneers and do not have negative effects such as opacity and inability to adapt to the gums.
Zirconium veneers are 100% gum-friendly, do not cause gum disease, and are resistant to heat and cold.
Even in people who consume a lot of tea, coffee or cigarettes, bad breath does not occur, there is no stain or color change.
How is zirconium veneer done?
The application process of zirconium crowns starts with grinding and cutting the teeth.
It is important to use temporary veneers provided by the doctor so that the cut teeth are not damaged or affected by cold and heat.
After the teeth are cut, the doctor takes measurements and a special plaster is made.
The measurement obtained is sent to the laboratory and prepared according to the person’s mouth and teeth structure.
Prepared zirconium teeth are tested and sent back to the laboratory for polishing after necessary corrections are made.
After this process is completed, ready-to-use zirconium crowns are placed on the teeth and fixed with a special adhesive.
Zirconium crowns are the most popular type of dental aesthetics today due to their durability and longevity.
With the right application and careful use, you can ensure lifetime use.
Since the procedure is performed under local anesthesia, no pain is felt during the procedure.
After the anesthesia wears off, the pain is quite normal, it changes according to the pain threshold of the patient and is easily controlled with the drugs recommended by the doctor.
The total processing time of zirconium crowns is between 7-10 days.
At the end of the 10-day period, the patient will have smooth, white and durable teeth like a dream.
DENTAL LAMINATE CROWNS
Laminate veneers, also known as leaf veneers, are a layer of porcelain that is adhered to the front surfaces of teeth.
Laminated crowns can be used to repair broken teeth or, for purely aesthetic reasons, to beautify the anterior teeth or correct discoloration if whitening is not effective enough.
It is important that existing teeth have been treated before laminate crowns are applied.
How are laminate crowns used?
First of all, the treatment process of the teeth is completed as necessary.
After examining the absence of any disease or complaint, the teeth are treated externally, the patient’s exact wishes are learned and their measurements are taken.
In laminate crowns, the teeth are filed and slightly thinned.
Leaf crowns prepared from fine porcelain at the desired degree of whiteness in the laboratory are skillfully glued into place. They are generally used for deformities in the anterior teeth.
Since the laminate coating is performed under local anesthesia, pain is not felt during the procedure.
Taking painkillers prescribed by the doctor is sufficient for a comfortable care.
The process of laminate crowns is completed in 2-3 hours on average.
Since laminate crowns are made of thin porcelain material, it is important to be careful and careful in daily use.
Avoiding impacts and very hard foods is one of the points to be considered in terms of the life and durability of laminate crowns.
The average useful life is between 5-10 years, depending on the care and maintenance of the person.
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